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f:904 -    Can a woman go on Haj without Mahram
Country : Secunderabad, India,
Name : Afsar
Question:     We have a neighbour.  She has the intention of performing Haj. She does not have a Mahram (Close Male relative). In the light of the Hanafi School of jurisprudence, can she go for Haj without a Mahram or is it strictly compulsory to have a Mahram?
Answer:     It does not matter whether a woman is young or old, for the Haj to be compulsory, having a Mahram is a prerequisite.  If there is no Mahram then according to the Shariah, Haj is not compulsory on such a lady.  Any woman cannot go on a Haj, along with a non-Mahram.  Also, without a Mahram, she cannot join a group of women also.  A Mahram is either the husband or any of those relatives with whom Nikah (Marriage) is permanently prohibited, either because of a close relationship or because of a relationship of suckling (raza’aat).  A Mahram is one who is sane, major (baligh), virtuous and trustworthy.  He should not be wicked, sinful and untrustworthy as given in Fatawa Alamgiri. Vol I

Translation, “It is mentioned in the prerequisites of Haj that a Mahram should be present, whether the woman is young or old, when the journey to Makkah is of 3 days or greater. Mahram is the husband or such a male relative with whom Nikah is permanently prohibited.  This prohibition can be because of marriage, a relationship of suckling.  It is also necessary that the Mahram should be of a good character, should be sane and a major.  Irrespective of whether the Mahram is a slave, a free man, all the charges are the responsibility of the woman.

And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) knows best.

Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder/Director, Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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