f:651 - Proof of Milad from Hadith
| Country : India, |
Name : Ali Khan
|Question: I have heard a Hadith that the punishment of Abu Lahab was reduced because he celebrated Milad Un Nabi. Is it correct?|
|Answer: The following Hadith is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari and many other books of Hadith with a slight change in wording. Some Hadith are brief and some are detailed. The Hadith in Sahih Bukhari is:|
Translation: Hadhrat 'Urwah says: Thuwayba was the slave of Abu Lahab. Abu Lahab had set her free to nurse the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). After Abu Lahab died, some of his family members saw him in a dream in the worst possible state. He was asked: What did you get? Abu Lahab said: After separating from you, I never got any peace, but only because of setting Thuwayba free, I am refreshed through this (his finger). (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab Un Nikah, Vol. 2, Pg No. 764)
In the explanation/commentary of this Hadith, the Imams, Hadhrat Allama Badruddin 'Aini and Imam Ibn Hajr 'Asqalani, narrate other lengthy versions of this Hadith on the authority of other books. Here we present what our Hadhrat Badruddin 'Aini Hanafi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) writes in his famous commentary on Sahih Bukhari, Umdatul Qari, Vol. 14, Pg No. 45:
Translation: Hadhrat Abbas (May Allah be well pleased with him) says: I saw Abu Lahab in a dream 1 year after his death. I saw him in the worst possible state. He said: I didn’t get any relief after I separated from you. However every Monday, my punishment is lightened. Hadhrat Abbas (May Allah be well pleased with him) says: That is because the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was born on this day and Thuwayba had given this good news to Abu Lahab and he had set her free. ('Umdatul Qari, Vol. 14, Pg No. 45)
With a slight change in wording, this Hadith is present in the following books of Hadith:
Sunan Kubra, Hadith No: 14297
Musannaf Abdur Razzaq, Vol. 7, Hadith No: 13456
Jame' Ul Ahadith Wal Maraseel, Hadith No: 43545
Kanz Ul Ummal, Hadith No: 15725
Among the pious predecessors and the scholars of the Ummah, Hafidh Shamsuddin Ibn Al Jazri and Hafidh Shamsuddin Bin Nasiruddin Dimashqi (May Allah shower His Mercy on them) have taken this Hadith as the proof of the celebration of Milad and expressing happiness on it.
Hafidh Shamsuddin bin Nasiruddin Dimashqi says:
Translation: This Hadith is Sahih (rigorously-authenticated) that because of being happy and setting Thuwayba free, the punishment of Abu Lahab is reduced. Then he writes some couplets:
Summary of the couplets: When this non-believer Abu Lahab, in whose condemnation the Surah "Tabbat Yada" was revealed and he is to live in Hell eternally, his punishment is reduced every Monday because of celebrating the Milad of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), then what do you think about that person who celebrated the Milad of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) for the whole life and died with Iman?
It is also mentioned in Sharh Mawahib Ladunniya, Vol. 1, Pg No. 261 and Subul Ul Huda War Rashad, Vol. 1, Pg No. 367.
And Allah Most High knows best.
Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri
[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director, Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]