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f:626 -    Using in-vitro fertilization
Country : New Zealand,
Name : Withheld
Question:     I suffer from diabetes. We have been married for 4 years now and have not been able to conceive. The doctor tells me that my sperm count is really low and advises me to use somebody else's sperm and implant it in my wife's body. Is this permissible in Islam?
Answer:     All those situations with the test-tube method are impermissible in which the sperm of a man are entered into someone's uterus, other than his wife, or the sperm and ova of the husband and wife are developed in someone else's womb.  

There is a Hadith in Sunan Abu Dawood:

Translation: It is not permissible for anyone who believes in Allah Most High and the Day of Judgment that he should water someone else's field i.e. impregnate someone else apart from his own wife.  (Sunan Abu Dawood, Kitab Un Nikah, Hadith No. 2160; Musnad Ahmed, Hadith No. 17453)

In the described situation, unrelated (i.e. not of a husband and wife) sperm and ova are being used, which is impermissible in light of the Hadith.  The way sexual relations between unrelated, (i.e. not husband and wife) man and woman and impregnating somebody else's wife constitutes adultery, in the same way mixing the sperm and ova of man and woman, who are not husband and wife, has the same ruling with respect to its end result.

Though, on mixing of sperm and ova in this, the Shariah punishment for adultery will not be declared, but it has the same ill-effects as adultery.  It shreds the fabric of modesty and destroys the whole system of parentage and ancestry.

And Allah Most High knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri

[Professor of Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director, Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]

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