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f:552 -    Islamic ruling about Fatiha
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Name : submittername
Question:     What is the Islamic ruling on Fatiha?
Answer:     Fatiha is nothing but a compendium of various virtuous acts.  It consists of feeding others, recitation of the Holy Quran and the reward is gifted.  The Hadith describe the excellence of these acts.  For this reason, Fatiha itself is Mustahab (commendable) Mustahsan (established by the Sunnah).  On the occasion of the Battle of the Trench (Ghazwa-e-Khandaq), the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said a prayer when the food was placed before Him.  The whole Hadith is in Sahih Bukhari.  Please look at a part of the Hadith:

Translation of Hadith:  The wife of Hadhrat Jabir (May Allah be well pleased with him) presented the kneaded flour to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) put His blessed saliva in it and said a prayer for Barakah (blessings).  Then again turned towards the vessel, put His blessed saliva and said a prayer.  (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2, Hadith No. 3793)

There is a Hadith in Sunan Nasai, Jame' Tirmidhi, Sunan Abu Dawood, Shu'abul Iman Lil Baihaqui, Musnad 'Abd Bin Humaid, Al Jame' Ul Kabeer Lis Suyuti and Ma'arifatis Sahabah Li Abi Nu'aim, etc.:

Translation of Hadith: Hadhrat Mua'dh Bin Jabal (May Allah be well pleased with him) narrates on the authority of his father:  …………………The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Recite the Surah "Qul Huwallahu Ahad," "Qul A'udhu Bi Rabbil Falaq," and "Qul A'udhu Bi Rabbin Naas" thrice (i.e. 3 times) every morning and evening.  It will save you from everything.

Sunan Nasai, Hadith No. 5445
Jame' Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 3924
Musnad Iman Ahmed bin Hambal, Hadith No. 23332
Shu'abul Iman Lil Baihaqui, Hadith No. 2467
Musnad 'Abd Bin Humaid, Hadith No. 496
Al Jame' Ul Kabeer Lis Suyuti, Hadith No. 375
Ma'arifatis Sahabah Li Abi Nu'aim, Hadith No. 2267

Niyaz is that someone makes a promise with Allah Ta'ala that if this work of mine is accomplished then I will feed the beggars at the grave of so and so saint.  This worship is for Allah Ta'ala only.  The animal slaughtered then is also slaughtered in Allah Ta'ala's name.

And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,

[Professor of Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director, Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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