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f:307 -    Can we take Wasila of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
Country : Bengaluru, India,
Name : submittername
Question:     Is it correct to pray with the Wasila of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)? Some people say it is not correct.  I would be obliged if you give a detailed reply.

Answer:     Praying through the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) i.e. through His Wasila and requesting Him for help is the strongest way to Maghfirah and to get our wishes fulfilled.  As given in Shifa As Saqam by Allama Taqiuddin Subki, Pg No. 37.

The Wasila of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) before His birth, in His earthly life and after it is well established by the canonic sources of Islam (Nusus).  The incidents of the Sahabah, their successors (Tabi'een) and their successors (Tabe' Tabi'een), the Imams and the Muhaddithin (Hadith experts) are witness to it.  As given in Fatawa Ramli, Pg No. 382 and in Fatawa Jamia Nizamia, Pg No. 447.

The People of the Book (Ahle Kitab) would pray through His Wasila before His birth and would be granted victory over their enemies.  As given in the Holy Quran:

And when there comes to them a Book from Allah, confirming what is with them. ―although from of old they had prayed for victory against those without faith

Surah Baqarah (2:89)

Even Hadhrat Adam (Peace be upon him) prayed with the Wasila of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).  This is mentioned indirectly in the Holy Quran and directly in Hadith respectively.  It is given in the Holy Quran:

Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration and his Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful. Surah Baqarah (2:37)

About the aforementioned words which were taught to Hadhrat Adam (Peace be upon him) and Allah Ta'ala accepted His Tauba (repentance), a Hadith is given in the following books:

Mustadrak 'Alas Sahihain, Hadith No: 4194
Mo’jam Sagheer Tabarani, Hadith No: 989
Mo’jam Ausat Tabarani, Hadith No: 6690
Dalaail Un Nabuwwah Lil Baihaqui, Hadith No: 2243
Majma Uz Zawaaid, Vol. 8, Pg No. 198, Hadith No: 13917
Jame' Ul Ahadith Wal Maraseel, Hadith No: 33457
Kanz Ul Ummal, 32138
Tafseer Durre Manthur, Surah Baqarah-37
Tafseer Kahsful Bayan Li Tha'labi, Surah Baqarah-37
Tafseer Ruh Al Bayan, Vol. 2, Pg No. 376, Surah Maidah-16
Ash Shariah Li Abi Bakr Muhammad Bin Al Husain Bin Abdullah Al Ajuri Al Baghdadi, Hadith No: 938
Kitabul Iman Wat Tasdeeq
Al Mawahib Ladunniya, Vol. 1, Pg No. 82
Sharh Mawahib Liz Zurqani, Vol. 1, Pg No. 119
Khasais Kubra, Babi Khususiya Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam
Subul Ul Huda War Rashad, Vol. 1, Pg No. 85
As Seeratah An Nabwiyya Li Ibn Kathir, Vol. Pg No. 320
Khulasatul Wafa Bi Akhbari Darul Mustafa Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, Al Fasl Ath Thani
Bidayah wan Nihayah Li Ibn Kathir, Babu Khalqi Adam
Hujjatullahi 'Alal A'alameen FI Mu'jizati Sayyidil Mursaleen Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, Pg No. 23
Al Fatawa Al Hadeethiya Li Ibn Hajr Haitami, Matlabun Fi Jama'atin Yusalluna 'Alan Nabiyyi
Tarikh Dimashq Li Ibn Abi Asaker, Harful Alif
Mausu'a Fiqhiya Kuwaitiyyah, At Tawassul

Translation of Hadith:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Umar Bin Khattab (May Allah be well pleased with him), he said that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: When Hadhrat Adam (Peace be upon him) committed an oversight, he supplicated to Allah Ta'ala: O my Lord! I pray with the Wasila of Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), you forgive me.  Allah Ta'ala said: O Adam! How do you know Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).  He has not yet arrived in the world.  Hadhrat Adam (Peace be upon him) said: O my Lord! When you created me with your power and blew your Ruh (soul) into me, I raised my head and saw written on the supports of the 'Arsh:

"La Ilaha Illallah Muhammadur Rasulullah"

I understood that you had joined Your blessed name with His pure name who is the most beloved to you in the whole creation.

Allah Ta'ala said: O Adam! You have spoken the truth.  Indeed! In the whole creation, He is the dearest to me.  You supplicate to Me through His Wasila and I will surely grant you Maghfirah (forgiveness).  If Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was not to be, I would not have created you.

There are many Traditions and incidents in this regard.  The Dua taught by the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) to the blind Sahabi explains Tawassul (Wasila):

Translation of Dua:  O Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala)! I supplicate to you and I turn to you with the Wasila of your Prophet of Mercy.  O personification of praise (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), I have turned to my Lord with your Wasila, so that my need is fulfilled.  O Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala)! Accept His intercession for me.

This Hadith, with a slight change in wording, is present in Sunan Ibn Majah, Jame' Tirmidhi, Musnad Imam Ahmed, Mustadrak Al Hakim, Baihaqui, Tarikh Ul Kabir Lil Bukhari.  Imam Tirmidhi has declared this Hadith to be "Hasan-Sahih" (well-authenticated)

After the passing away of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) also, the Sahabah would take the Wasila of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).  In the caliphate of Hadhrat Umar Farooq (May Allah be well pleased with him), when people were in a famine, Hadhrat Bilal Bin Harith (May Allah be well pleased with him) went to the blessed grave of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and requested:

O Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)! Pray for rain for your Ummah, the Ummah is dying.  The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) came in his dream and said: You convey My Salaam to Umar and tell him that it will rain and tell him to be soft (on people).

This Sahabi conveyed this to Hadhrat Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him).  Hadhrat Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) started crying and said: O Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), I will not make a mistake except in a matter in which I am utterly helpless.

(Sunan Baihaqui; Ibn Abi Shaiba; Wafa Ul Wafa; Injahul Hajah; Ibn Abdul Barr; Fath Ul Bari, Vol. 2, Pg No. 451)

And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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