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f:1086 -    Who are Syed people?
Country : India,
Name : Inayath
Question:     I want to know when a person is called "syed" and can we give zakath to syed if that person is very poor ?

Is Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) not syed in the islamic law?
Answer:     It is among the conditions of Zakaat that it should not be given to a Syed person meaning a person who is from the Prophet’s family, i.e. Bani Hashim.  Bani Hashim means the progeny of Hadhrat Ali, Hadhrat Abbas, Hadhrat Jafar, Hadhrat Aqeel and Hadhrat Harith (May Allah be well pleased with them).  As given in Fatawa A’alamgiri, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 189.

Zakaat is the filth of the wealth, i.e. wealth is cleaned through Zakaat.  Thus, giving it to the Sadaat is against their respect and honor.  Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Quran:

Allah intends only to remove all impurity of sins from you, O People of the House (of the Prophet, [even a doubt or trace of shortfall,]) and make you absolutely pure and clean by blessing you with (perfect) purity and wholesomeness.  Surah Ahzaab (33:33)

For this reason, the Shariah has decreed giving Zakaat to them as impermissible.  If Zakaat is given to them, it is not valid.  In light of the respect and honor of the descendents of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), Muslims should offer them pure and unblemished wealth and gifts.

If you want to help a Syed person, then instead of Zakaat, you can offer him some amount as a gift.

In light of the details given, your second question is a moot point as the Holy Prophet Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) is the chief of all Syed people.

And Allah the Might and the Majestic knows best.

Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder/Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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