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f:276 -    Accepting more than the decided amount in business
Country : India,
Name : submittername
Question:     Is it correct to accept more than the decided amount in business?

Answer:     I sold a house to a person.  He had to give me some money.  He gave me more than what he owed me.  When I asked him about it, he said it is for me from him.  Is it allowed for me to take more than decided amount?

It is necessary to clarify the amount when buying/selling.  If after deciding it, the buyer wants to give more than the decided amount or the seller wants to include something extra in the sold goods, then it is allowed.  This extra amount or some thing else which is given by the buyer/seller is not what is due but it is a gift from one to the other.  

One cannot demand more than the decided amount and neither should one have thoughts of this also.  If someone gives willingly without demand or desire, then one should accept it.  As given in a Hadith:

Translation of Hadith:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Umar (May Allah be well pleased with them), he said that he heard Hadhrat Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) say: The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would grant me, I said: Give this to the one who deserves it more than me.  Then the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: When you get wealth, which you neither ask for nor desire, accept it and do not chase the wealth which does not come to you.

(Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, Pg No. 199, Hadith No: 1380)

As the person who gave you the extra money told you that it is from him to you, it is a gift from him to you and you may accept it.

And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]

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