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f:266 -    Wisdom of solar and lunar eclipse
Country : Dubai,
Name : submittername
Question:     I get a thought as to what is the wisdom of Allah Ta'ala behind solar and lunar eclipses.  Is there is any proof in Hadith of this.  Please reply?

Answer:     The creator of the heavens and the earth is Allah Ta'ala.  Sun, moon and all other heavenly bodies and systems depend on the inimitable power of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) and His unending dominion.  Let alone colliding with each other, each heavenly body moves in its own orbit and does not enter any other orbit.

Allah Ta'ala says:

And the Sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him) the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing. (38) And the Moon― We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like the old (and withered) lower part of date-stalk. (39) It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law). Surah Yaseen (36:40)

The solar eclipse is a manifest sign of the power of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala).  As the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) says: The moon and the sun are 2 signs among the signs of Allah Ta'ala.  In this connection, we find many Hadith.  It is given in Sahih Bukhari:

Translation of Hadith:  It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abu Moosa 'Ash'ari (May Allah be well pleased with him), he said that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: These eclipses of sun and the moon are the signs of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala). Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) reveals them. They do not happen because of the life and death of someone. Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) invites His people to His fear with them. When you see any of these signs, then turn towards the Dhikr (remembrance) of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala), remember Him, pray to Him and ask for forgiveness of your sins.

The wisdom behind these eclipses is to remind human beings who are looking into each and every cell of the body and every strip of the land and whatnot that the Entity who has caused these 2 great heavenly bodies to shadow one another, will one day make them bereft of light.  That Lord Almighty will grind the mountains, which are famous for their firmness, into worthless dust.

Another wisdom is that through these eclipses, Allah Ta'ala warns those are heedless.  These are natural warnings for those who are immersed in the love of this temporary world to develop the love and fear of Allah Ta'ala in their hearts and lead their lives according to the natural, Islamic law and spend their lives in obedience of Allah Ta'ala and His Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).

And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder-Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]
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