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f:782 -    Salaat with wife in house
Country : Kattlalmandi, India,
Name : Muhammad Abdus Salaam
Question:     In my house, only I and my wife live. Sometimes, by the time I reach the masjid, the congregation is over. In such a case, can I offer Salaat with my wife as a congregation?
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Answer:     Salaat has been ordered and prescribed along with the congregation (Jamaat).  After the obligation of Salaat, the first Salaat was offered with congregation.  Keeping in mind the importance of the congregation, the Jurists (Fuqaha) have termed offering of a Salaat in the masjid, with the congregation as” Perfect Performance”  (Ada E Kamil) and offering Salaat without has been termed as “Imperfect Performance” (Ada E Qasir).  We should try to offer Salaat in the masjid.

The answer to the question asked is that if Salaat in the masjid is missed, then the husband and the wife can offer Salaat as a congregation.  In such a case, the husband will lead the Salaat and the wife will follow.  The wife should stand behind the husband in such a way that her legs should be placed behind the legs of her husband.  If the wife stands alongside the husband, then her following is not correct and the Salaat of both the husband and the wife is invalidated (fasid).   As given in Radd Ul Muhtar Vol. 1, Pg. No. 423:

Translation:  When the wife, stands alongside the husband while offering Salaat in her house under the leadership of her husband, then the Salaat of both of them is not correct ad if the wife’s legs are placed behind the husband, then both their Salaat is correct.  Even if the wife is tall and while prostrating her head goes farther than the husband’s head, it is not a problem, as the criterion is the placing of the feet.

In the light of the above, if you miss your congregation for some reason, then you may offer Salaat, in your house along with your wife as a congregation.  Still, you should try to offer Salaat in the masjid because for men offering Salaat in the mosque with the congregation is a Sunnah Maukkada (Compulsory Sunnah)

And Allah knows best.

Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia
Founder-Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]

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