BT: 505   
Details about the Charity of Fitr
...............................................
  BT: 504   
When is Laylatul Qadr?
...............................................
  BT: 503   
The night worship of some Companions (May Allah be well pleased with them)
...............................................
  BT: 502   
Excellence of Tahajjud
...............................................
  BT: 500   
An introduction to Itikaaf
...............................................
  BT: 499   
The Conquest of Mecca
...............................................
  BT: 498   
The Battle of Badr - Message of universal peace
...............................................
  BT: 497   
Some miracles of Imam Hasan (May Allah be well pleased with him)
...............................................
  BT: 496   
Hadhrat Khadija (May Allah be well pleased with her) - A brief life sketch
...............................................
  BT: 495   
How to calculate Zakaat?
...............................................
  BT: 494   
Ramadhan - An introduction
...............................................
  BT: 493   
Saying Bharat Mata ki jai is against belief in Oneness of Almighty Allah and unacceptable to Muslims.
...............................................
  BT: 492   
Hadhrat Shah Sa’adullah Naqshbandi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
...............................................
  BT: 491   
Hadhrat Abul Barakaat Syed Khaleelullah Shah Naqshbandi Mujaddidi Qadri (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
...............................................
  BT: 490   
Valentine’s Day – A rite of immodesty
...............................................
  BT: 489   
Hadhrat Muhaddith-e-Deccan Syed Abdullah Shah Naqshbandi Mujaddidi Qadri (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)
...............................................
  BT: 488   
Relations with non-Muslim compatriots – A special message on Republic Day
...............................................
  BT: 487   
The Mawlid of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
...............................................
  BT: 486   
Imam Rabbani Conference (2015)
...............................................
  BT: 485   
The miracles of Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alf Thani (May Allah sanctify his secret)
...............................................
 

 
An introduction to Itikaaf
 

An introduction to ‘Itikaaf

Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran:

…And refrain from having sexual contact with your wives, whilst you are in ‘Itikaaf in the mosques... Surah Baqarah (2:187)

‘Itikaaf literally means committing oneself to stay put in a place. In the terminology of the Shariah, it means to stay day and night in a mosque while fasting with the intention of worship. There are 3 types of ‘Itikaaf, Compulsory (Wajib), Sunnah and Nafl (supererogatory).

Compulsory ‘Itikaaf is when someone takes an oath to perform ‘Itikaaf for a set number of days, etc. and thus makes it Compulsory upon himself (or herself).

Sunnah ‘Itikaaf is to perform ‘Itikaaf for the last 10 days of Ramadhan. This is Sunnah Moukkada Kifayah i.e. a collective Compulsory Sunnah. If no one from the locality performs ‘Itikaaf in the local mosque, then everybody will be held accountable for it.

Apart from the aforementioned two situations, any time someone stays in a mosque, it is Commendable (Mustahab) ‘Itikaaf. The minimum time period for this is a moment (1 Sa’aah). Even in this, it is better that one fasts and if one is performing Supererogatory ‘Itikaaf for one day and one night, then it is highly reasonable that one should fast as well.

‘Itikaaf is permissible only in a mosque where all the 5 daily Salaat are offered. The most excellence place for ‘Itikaaf is in Masjid Haraam i.e. the Ka’aba, then Masjid Nabawi, the Prophet’s mosque.

Fasting is a necessary condition even for the Compulsory ‘Itikaaf that is performed in months other than Ramadhan. It is not permissible for the person performing the ‘Itikaaf to leave the mosque except for those things that are unavoidable like for relieving oneself or to get food from the house when one is forced to or to go to the grand mosque for Friday Salaat. However, it is not permissible to stay/wait one the road or in the house.

If a woman wants to perform ‘Itikaaf, it is permissible for her to do so at that place in the house which is reserved for offering Salaat. If the menses start while in ‘Itikaaf, she should abandon her ‘Itikaaf.

Having sex or kissing one’s spouse while performing ‘Itikaaf is not permissible. (Hidayah, Fatawa A’alamgiri, Radd Ul Muhtaar, Bayaan Ul Qaraain)

‘Itikaaf is valid in a mosque in which congregational Salaat is offered

It is narrated on the authority of Ameer Ul Momineen Hadhrat ‘Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him), he says: ‘Itikaaf is permissible only in the mosque which has the 5 daily Salaat performed congregationally. Ibn Abi Shaiba and ‘Abdur Razzaq have related this is their respective Musannaf and Tabarani related a similar Hadith on the authority of Hadhrat Hudhaifa (May Allah be well pleased with him).

It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Hudhaifa (May Allah be well pleased with him), he says: I heard the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) say: ‘Itikaaf is permissible in every mosque which has an appointed Imam and Muezzin. Daraqutni has related this.

‘Itikaaf in the last 10 days of Ramadhan is a Compulsory Sunnah

It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Aisha (May Allah be well pleased with her) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) would perform ‘Itikaaf for the last 10 days of Ramadhan until He passed away into the presence of Allah. Then after Him, His wives performed ‘Itikaaf in their respective homes. Bukhari and Muslim have both related this Hadith.

Women should perform ‘Itikaaf in the mosques of their houses

It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Aisha (May Allah be well pleased with her) that if the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) had seen the women of the later era with their new antics, which they took up after the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), He would have stopped them from entering the mosques the way the women of the Nation of Israel were stopped.

Ibn Abdul Rab has related with his chain of narration on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Aisha (May Allah be well pleased with her) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: People! Stop your women from beautifying themselves and coming to the mosque and also stop them from walking coquettishly therein because the Nation of Israel was cursed when their women started beautifying themselves and coming to the mosque and when they started walking around coquettishly in the mosque. (Non-Mahram men and women coming together leads to many evils, thus, women should perform ‘Itikaaf in their own houses)

[Excerpted from Noor Ul Masabeeh, Vol. 4]

 
     
   
     
 
 
   
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