20 Raka’at Taraweeh – Opinon of the Imams of the Ummah
Allama Shalbi writes in the Hashiya, explanatory notes, of Tabyeen Ul Haqaaiq Vol 1 pg no. 443:
( وَهِيَ عِشْرُونَ رَكْعَةً ) أَيْ عِنْدَنَا وَبِهِ قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَنَقَلَهُ الْقَاضِي عِيَاضٌ عَنْ جُمْهُورِ الْفُقَهَاءِ .
Translation: In our (Hanafi scholars) opinion, Taraweeh is of 20 Raka’at and this is the ruling of Imam Shafa'ee and of Imam Ahmed bin Hambal (May Allah be well pleased with him). Allama Qazi IAyaz has narrated on the authority of the majority of scholars that Taraweeh is of 20 Raka’at.
Allama Ibn Abidin Shaami Hanafi Naqshbandi (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has written in Raddul Muhtar:
( قَوْلُهُ وَهِيَ عِشْرُونَ رَكْعَةً ) هُوَ قَوْلُ الْجُمْهُورِ وَعَلَيْهِ عَمَلُ النَّاسِ شَرْقًا وَغَرْبًا .
Translation: Taraweeh is of 20 Raka’at. This is the ruling of the majority of scholars.
(Radd Ul Muhtaar, Vol 1, Pg No: 521)
It is written in Mausua’a Fiqhiya:
فَذَهَبَ جُمْهُورُ الْفُقَهَاءِ مِنَ الْحَنَفِيَّةِ ، وَالشَّافِعِيَّةِ ، وَالْحَنَابِلَةِ ، وَبَعْضِ الْمَالِكِيَّةِ إِلَى أَنَّ التَّرَاوِيحَ عِشْرُونَ رَكْعَةً -
Translation: The majority of the scholars of the Hanafi, Shafa’ee, Hambali and some Maliki scholars are that Taraweeh is of 20 Raka’at.
Allama Ali Sunahwari writes:
وَقَال عَلِيٌّ السَّنْهُورِيُّ : هُوَ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ عَمَل النَّاسِ وَاسْتَمَرَّ إِلَى زَمَانِنَا فِي سَائِرِ الأَْمْصَارِ -
Translation: The people practice this and all the cities have been following this only.
(Al Mausu’atul Fiqhiya Al Kuwaitiya, Vol 27, Pg No: 141/142)
Imam Tirmidhi (May Allah shower His mercy on him) writes about the opinion of the majority of the scholars on 20 Raka’at Taraweeh:
Translation: On the basis of the Hadith of Hadhrat ‘Umar, Hadhrat ‘Ali and other Sahabah (May Allah be well pleased with them), majority of scholars have judged that in Taraweeh, there are 20 Raka’at. This is the position of Hadhrat Sufyan Thauri, Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Bin Mubarak and Imam Shafa‘ee (May Allah be well pleased with them). (Jame' Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 806)
The practice of the people of Makkah
Imam Tirmidhi (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has related the opinion of Imam Shaf‘ee in Jame' Tirmidhi:
Translation: Imam Shafa‘ee (May Allah shower His mercy on him) said: In the same way, I have found people of my city, Makkah, offering 20 Raka’at. (Jame' Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 806)
The interpreter of Sahih Bukhari, Hadhrat Imam Ibn Battal (May Allah shower His mercy on him) writes after relating the Hadith of Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Abbas (May Allah be well pleased with them):
Translation: In the same way, the Hadith of 20 Raka’at Taraweeh is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Umar, Hadhrat ‘Ali and Hadhrat Ubai Bin Ka‘ab. The scholars of Kufa and Imam Shafa‘ee also hold this position that Tarawee is 20 Raka’at. (Sharh Sahih Bukhari Li Ibn Battaal, Hadith No. 7766)