20 Rakaat Taraweeh
Author: MUFTI HAFIDH SYED ZIAUDDIN NAQSHBANDI,
Professor of Islamic Law JAMIA NIZAMIA, Founder of Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Centre
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Category List

>> Introduction
>> The excellence of Taraweeh
>> Salaat Ut Taraweeh in Sahih Bukhari
>> First Hadith
>> 20 Raka’at Taraweeh – The custom of the Sahabah
>> Second Hadith
>> Third Hadith
>> Fourth Hadith
>> Fifth Hadith
>> Sixth Hadith
>> Seventh Hadith
>> Eighth Hadith
>> Ninth Hadith
>> Tenth Hadith
>> Eleventh Hadith
>> The Sahabah's consensus on 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh
>> None of the Sahabah objected to 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh
>> The Tabi'en too offered 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh
>> 20 Raka’at Taraweeh – Practice of the majority of the Hanafi, Shafa‘ee and Hambali scholars
>> 20 Raka’at Taraweeh – Opinon of the Imams of the Ummah
>> Taraweeh is 20 Raka’at – Opinion of Hanafi scholars
>> 20 Raka’at Taraweeh in Maliki school of Fiqh
>> 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh in the Hambali school of Fiqh
>> 36 Raka’at – A distinction of the people of Madina
>> 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh From the time of Hadhrat Muhammad Rasulullah...
>> Wisdom behind 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh
>> A compelling analysis

 
 
The Tabi'en too offered 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh

The Tabi'en too offered 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh

 

First Tradition

عن عبد الله بن قيس عن شتير بن شكل أنه كان يصلي في رمضان عشرين ركعة والوتر.

 

Translation: Hadhrat Abdullah bin Qais (May Allah be well pleased with him) narrates on the authority of Hadhrat Shaitar Bin Shakal (May Allah be well pleased with him) that he used to offer 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh and Witr in the month of Ramadhan.

(Sunan Kubra Lil Baihaqui, Hadith No: 4803; Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol 2, Pg No: 285, Bab #227, Hadith No: 1; Mirqatul Mafateeh Sharh Mishkatul Masabeeh, Kitab Us Salaat, Bab Qiyami Shahri Ramadhan) 

Allama Ibn Hajr bin ‘Asqalani (May Allah shower His mercy on him) writes in Tahzeeb Ut Tahzeeb about Hadhrat Shaitar bin Shakal (May Allah be well pleased with him):

وكان ثقة-

Translation: He is reliable and Imam Nasai (Author of Sunan Nasai, which is included in Sihah Sittah-The six most authentic books of Hadith) has also declared him as reliable.  Ibn Hibban has written him among the reliable narrators.  Ibn Sa‘ad has written that deductions can be made from him (i.e. his Hadith) and his narrations are less in number.  ‘Ajli says that he is a reliable narrator and is a student of Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Bin Mas‘ud (May Allah be well pleased with him).

(At Tahzeeb Ut Tahzeeb, Vol 4, Pg No: 273/274)

Imam Ibn Hajr ‘Asqalani (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has written in Al Isaba Fi Ma’arifatis Sahabah:

Translation: Hadhrat Shaitar Bin Shakl ‘Abasi is a famous Taba‘ee.  Abu Moosa Madini has written that he had the honor of been in the era of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam).  (Al Isaba Fi Ma’arifatis Sahabah, Harfush Sheen)

 

Second Tradition

Hadhrat Suwaid Bin Ghaflah (May Allah be well pleased with him) offered 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh) 

Imam Baihaqui writes in Sunan Kubra that the great Taba‘ee Hadhrat Suwaid bin Ghaflah (May Allah be well pleased with him) used to lead the people in 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh:

 

أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو الْخَصِيبِ قَالَ : كَانَ يَؤُمُّنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ غَفَلَةَ فِى رَمَضَانَ فَيُصَلِّى خَمْسَ تَرْوِيحَاتٍ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً.

 

Translation: Hadhrat Abul Khusaib (May Allah be well pleased with him) says: Hadhrat Suwaid (May Allah be well pleased with him) used to lead us in prayer and used to lead us in 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh with 5 breaks.

(Sunan Kubra Lil Baihaqui, Kitab Us Salaat, Hadith No: 4803)

After relating this Tradition, Imam Baihaqui (May Allah shower His mercy on him) writes:

Translation: The chain of narration of this Tradition is rigorously authenticated (Sahih). 

Harith (May Allah be well pleased with him) used to lead the people in 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh

عن الحارث أنه كان يؤم الناس في رمضان بالليل بعشرين ركعة ويوتر بثلاث ويقنت قبل الركوع. 

Translation: Hadhrat Harith (May Allah be well pleased with him) used to lead the people in 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh and 3 Raka’at of Witr and used to recite Dua Qunoot before going into the ruku. 

(Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol 2, Pg No: 285, Bab 227, Hadith No: 6)

Hadhrat Harith (May Allah be well pleased with him) is a student of Hadhrat ‘Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) whose narrations are present in the 4 books of Sihah Sittah apart from Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.

 

Fourth tradition 

Hadhrat Abul Bakhtari (May Allah be well pleased with him) used to lead the people in 20 rakkats of Taraweeh

عن أبي البختري أنه كان يصلي خمس ترويحات في رمضان ويوتر بثلاث. 

Translation: Hadhrat Abul Bakhtari (May Allah be well pleased with him) says that in Ramadhan, he would offer 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh with 5 breaks and 3 Raka’at of Witr.

(Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol 2, Pg No: 285, Bab 227, Hadith No: 7)

Hadhrat Abul Bakhtari (May Allah be well pleased with him) is a great Taba‘ee.  Imam ‘Asqalani (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has written in Lisaan Ul Mizaan that Abu Zara‘a and Ibn Ma‘een have declared him reliable.  (Lisan Ul Mizaan, Vol. 5, Pg. No. 224, Hadith No. 7768)

 

Fifth Tradition 

20 Raka’at of Taraweeh – Evidence by Hadhrat ‘Ata (May Allah be well pleased with him)

عن عطاء قال أدركت الناس وهم يصلون ثلاثا وعشرين ركعة بالوتر. 

It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Ata (May Allah be well pleased with him), he says: I saw the people offering 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh and 3 Raka’at of Witr.

(Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol 2, Pg No: 285, Bab 227, Hadith No: 9, Fathul Bari Sharh Sahih Bukhari, Bab Salat Ut Taraweeh)

Hadhrat ‘Ata bin Ribah is a Taba‘ee.  He is counted among the jurists of the Taba‘een.  He passed away in 114 Hijri.  He had the honor of meeting many Sahabah.  Those people whom Hadhrat ‘Ata found offering 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh are Sahabah and other greats from among the Taba‘een.

 

Sixth Tradition 

20 Raka’at of Taraweeh – Statement by Ibn Abi Mulaika (May Allah shower His mercy on him)

عن نافع عن عمر قال كان ابن أبي مليكة يصلي بنا في رمضان عشرين ركعة ويقرأ بسورة الملائكة في ركعة. 

Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abdullah bin Umar's (May Allah be well pleased with him) freed slave Hadhrat Nafe’ (May Allah be well pleased with him):  Ibn Abi Mulaika used to lead us in 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh and used to recite Holy Quran worth Surah Fatir in 1 Raka’at.

 

(Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol 2, Pg No: 285, Bab 227, Hadith No: 4)

 

Seventh Tradition

20 Raka’at of Taraweeh ‑ Practice of Hadhrat Ali bin Rabee‘a (May Allah shower His mercy on him)

It is given in Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba:

عن سعيد بن عبيد أن علي بن ربيعة كان يصلي بهم في رمضان خمس ترويحات ويوتر بثلاث.

Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Sa‘eed bin ‘Ubaid (May Allah be well pleased with him): In the month of Ramadhan, Hadhrat Ali Bin Rabee’a (May Allah be well pleased with him) used to lead the Muslims in 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh with 5 breaks.

(Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol 2, Pg No: 285, Bab 227, Hadith No: 11)

Hadith narrated by Hadhrat ‘Ali Bin Rabee‘a are present in Sihah Sittah.  Muhaddith Ibn Sa‘ad writes in Tabaqaat that Hadhrat ‘Ali bin Rabee‘a is a reliable narrator and a famous Taba‘ee.  He is a student of Hadhrat ‘Ali, Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Umar and Hadhrat Zaid Bin Arqam (May Allah be well pleased with them).

Imam Dhahabi (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has written in Siyar A‘alaam Un Nubala that Hadhrat ‘Ali Bin Rabee‘a is among the scholars of Islam.  His narrations are on the authority of Hadhrat ‘Ali, Hadhrat Asma, Hadhrat Mugheera and Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Umar (May Allah be well pleased with them).  Yahya Bin Sa‘eed (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has declared him reliable narrator.

 

Ninth Tradition 

The teacher of Imam Bukhari's (May Allah shower His mercy on him) teachers, the Hadith-Expert Hadhrat Abdul Razzaq (May Allah shower His mercy on him), 2496 of whose narrated Hadith are present in Sihah Sittah, Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal and Sunan Daraqutni, writes in his Musannaf with his own chain of authority:

عبد الرزاق عن الثوري عن إسماعيل بن عبد الملك قال : كان سعيد بن جبير يؤمنا في شهر رمضان ، فكان يقرأ بالقراءتين جميعا ، يقرأ ليلة بقراءة ابن مسعود، فكان يصلي خمس ترويحات- 

Translation: Imam Abdul Razaq (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Sufyan Sauri (May Allah be well pleased with him) and he has narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Ismail bin Abdul Malik that Hadhrat Saeed bin Jubair (May Allah be well pleased with him) used to lead us in Salaat in the month of Ramadhan and used to recite the Quran in 2 different ways, one night according to the method of Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud(May Allah be well pleased with him) and would lead us in 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh with 5 breaks.

(Musannaf Abdur Razzaq, Hadith No: 7749)

Hadhrat Sa’eed Bin Jubair (May Allah be well pleased with him) who is among the jurists from among the Taba‘een.  His narrations are present in Sihah Sittah.  Imam Suyuti has written in Tabaqat Ul Huffaz:

Translation: When the people of Kufa came to Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Bin ‘Abbas (May Allah be well pleased with them) to ask a question about Islamic rules, he would say:  Is Sa‘eed Bin Jubair not there among you?  Hadhrat ‘Amr Bin Maimoon narrates on the authority of his father:  Indeed!  Sa‘eed Bin Jubair has passed away and there is none on earth who does not have a need from his knowledge.  (Tabaqaat Ul Huffaz, Al Tabaqat Uth Thalitha)

Imam Badruddin ‘Aini (May Allah shower His mercy on him) writes some names of the Taba‘een as an example, who held Taraweeh to be 20 Raka’at.

Translation: Now those Taba‘een who acknowledged Taraweeh to be 20 Raka’at.  Their names are as follows:  Hadhrat Shaitar Bin Shakal, Hadhrat Ibn Abi Mulaika, Hadhrat Harith Hamdani, Hadhrat ‘Ata Bin Abi Ribah, Hadhrat Abul Bakhtari, Hadhrat Hasan Basri’s brother Hadhrat Sa‘eed Bin Abul Hasan, Hadhrat Abdur Rahman Bin Abu Bkr, Hadhrat ‘Imran ‘Abdi, may Allah shower His mercy on all of them.

In the previous lines, the Traditions of the Taba‘een have been related.  They offered 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh and that they saw others offering 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh, who were naturally Sahabah and other Taba‘een.

Taba‘een are those pious elders who learnt directly from the Sahabah, took the knowledge of Islam from them, saw their customs and practices with their own eyes and acted upon Islam as per what they saw.  For anybody who wants to accept truth, the examples of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), the Sahabah and the Taba‘een are enough.

 
 
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