20 Rakaat Taraweeh
Author: MUFTI HAFIDH SYED ZIAUDDIN NAQSHBANDI,
Professor of Islamic Law JAMIA NIZAMIA, Founder of Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Centre
  Home page     View All Books>
 
Category List

>> Introduction
>> The excellence of Taraweeh
>> Salaat Ut Taraweeh in Sahih Bukhari
>> First Hadith
>> 20 Raka’at Taraweeh – The custom of the Sahabah
>> Second Hadith
>> Third Hadith
>> Fourth Hadith
>> Fifth Hadith
>> Sixth Hadith
>> Seventh Hadith
>> Eighth Hadith
>> Ninth Hadith
>> Tenth Hadith
>> Eleventh Hadith
>> The Sahabah's consensus on 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh
>> None of the Sahabah objected to 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh
>> The Tabi'en too offered 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh
>> 20 Raka’at Taraweeh – Practice of the majority of the Hanafi, Shafa‘ee and Hambali scholars
>> 20 Raka’at Taraweeh – Opinon of the Imams of the Ummah
>> Taraweeh is 20 Raka’at – Opinion of Hanafi scholars
>> 20 Raka’at Taraweeh in Maliki school of Fiqh
>> 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh in the Hambali school of Fiqh
>> 36 Raka’at – A distinction of the people of Madina
>> 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh From the time of Hadhrat Muhammad Rasulullah...
>> Wisdom behind 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh
>> A compelling analysis

 
 
None of the Sahabah objected to 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh

None of the Sahabah objected to 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh

Imam Kasani Hanafi (May Allah be well pleased with him) writes about 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh:

وَالصَّحِيحُ قَوْلُ الْعَامَّةِ لِمَا رُوِيَ أَنَّ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ جَمَعَ أَصْحَابَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عَلَى أُبَيِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً ، وَلَمْ يُنْكِرْ أَحَدٌ عَلَيْهِ فَيَكُونُ إجْمَاعًا مِنْهُمْ عَلَى ذَلِكَ . 

Translation: There are 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh.  This is the opinion of the majority of scholars and this is the authentic one because Hadhrat Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) gathered the Sahabah under the leadership (Imamat) of Hadhrat Ubai bin Ka‘ab (May Allah be well pleased with him), and he led them in 20 Raka’at every night and none of the Sahabah denied this (or objected to this), in this manner, the consensus of the Sahabah on this issue was achieved. 

(Bada‘i Us Sana‘i, Vol 1, Kitab Us Salaat, Pg No: 644)

 

Allama Ibn Taimiya’s clarification - The emigrant Sahabah and the natives of Madina, all agreed to 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh

Allama Ibn Taimiya writes in his Majmu’ Al Fatawa:

قَدْ ثَبَتَ أَنَّ أبي بْنَ كَعْبٍ كَانَ يَقُومُ بِالنَّاسِ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً فِي قِيَامِ رَمَضَانَ وَيُوتِرُ بِثَلَاثِ .  فَرَأَى كَثِيرٌ مِنْ الْعُلَمَاءِ أَنَّ ذَلِكَ هُوَ السُّنَّةُ ؛ لِأَنَّهُ أَقَامَهُ بَيْن الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنْصَارِ وَلَمْ يُنْكِرْهُ مُنْكِرٌ .

Translation: It is well established that Hadhrat Ubai bin Ka‘ab (May Allah be well pleased with him) used to lead the people in 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh in the month of Ramadhan and apart from that would lead them in 3 Raka’at of Witr.  Thus, many of the ‘Ulema say that this is a Sunnah because Hadhrat Ubai bin Ka‘ab did this in the presence of many of the Muhajirin (those who migrated from Macca to Madina) and Ansar (The natives of Madina) Sahabah and none of them opposed or denied this.

(Majmu Al Fatawa, Vol 23, Pg No: 112)

 

Allama Ibn Tamiya also writes:

Translation: 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh is the practice of the majority of the Muslims.  (Majmu’ Al Fatawa, Vol. 23, Pg. No. 112)

Allama Sauqi writes in Mausu‘a Fiqhiya, the encyclopedia of Fiqh, which was published the Auqaf ministry of Kuwait:

وَقَال الدُّسُوقِيُّ وَغَيْرُهُ : كَانَ عَلَيْهِ عَمَل الصَّحَابَةِ وَالتَّابِعِين-

Translation: The Sahabah and the Tabie'n have offered 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh.

(Al Mausuatul Fiqhiya Al Kuwaitiya, Published by the Government of Kuwait, Vol 27, Pg No: 141/142)

It is mentioned in Al Fiqh Al Islami Wal Adilla under the Hanafi school of Fiqh: 

التراويح سنة.....وعدد ركعاتها عشرون ركعة، تؤدى ركعتين ركعتين، يجلس بينهما، مقدار الترويحة، بعشر تسليمات ثم يوتر بعدها، ولا يصلى الوتر بجماعة في غير شهر رمضان.  ودليلهم على العدد فعل عمر رضي الله عنه كما أخرج مسلم في صحيحه، حيث إنه جمع الناس أخيراً على هذا العدد في المسجد، ووافقه الصحابة على ذلك، ولم يخالفهم بعد الراشدين مخالف

 

Translation: Taraweeh is a Sunnah and there are 20 Raka’at of it, which are offered in units of 2 Raka’at.  Witr will be offered after that.  Apart from Ramadhan, Witr cannot be offered as a congregational prayer.

The practice of Hadhrat Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) is the evidence of 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh as Imam Muslim (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has clarified this in his Sahih that Hadhrat Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) gathered the Sahabah in the Masjd Nabvi to offer 20 Raka’at of Taraweeh and the Sahabah also agreed with him on this and even after the Caliphs, nobody objected to this.

(Al Fiqh Al Islami Wal Adilla, Al Juz Ath Thaani, Al Faslith Thamin, An Nawafil ‘Indal Hanafiyya)

 
 
Share |
Download
Download Book in pdf
 
Book Counter
This Book Viewed:
3769 times
 
Search
 

 

     

Copyright 2008 - Ziaislamic.com All Rights Reserved