f:482 - Using Raziallahu anhu for a non-Sahabi
| Country : India, |
Name : submittername
|Question: Can we write "Raziallahu Anhu" for Hadhrat Ghareebnawaz (May Allah Ta?ala shower His mercy on him)?|
|Answer: The words "Raziallahu Anhu" which means May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with him is especially to be used for the Sahabah, i.e. the companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and can be used for the Auliya (saints) of the Ummah, as Allah Ta’ala has promised reward, the eternal bounties of Jannah and more than that, His pleasure and approval:|
Their reward is the Gardens of eternal living in the Presence of their Lord, with streams flowing under them. They shall live in them forever. Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. This (status) is meant for the one who fears his Lord. Surah Bayyinah (98:8)
In the Holy Quran, Raziallahu Anhu has been said for those who hearts are filled with the fear of Allah Ta’ala. In Surah Tauba, the approval of Allah Ta’ala has been expressed with the words: Raziallahu Anhu wa Razu Anh.
The pioneer emigrants and their supporters (Ansar), the vanguard of the believers, and those who follow them in the grade of spiritual excellence — Allah is well pleased with them (all) and they (all) are well pleased with Him. And He has prepared for them Gardens with rivers flowing under them. They will live in them forever. This is indeed a colossal achievement. Surah Tauba (9:100)
In this verse, Raziallahu Anhu has been said for all those who follow the Sahabah with Ihsan, as Hadhrat Ismail Haqqi Hanafi (May Allah Ta’ala shower His mercy on him) says in Ruh Al Bayan, Vol. 3, Pg. No: 514.
For this reason, the Muhaddithin, Fuqaha have used (May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with him) for Salf Saliheen (the pious predecessors). Thus, Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti (May Allah Ta’ala shower His mercy on him) has written "Raziallahu Anhu" for his teacher, Hadhrat Jalaluddin Mahalli Shafa'i (May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with him) in Tafseer Jalalyn, Pg. No: 240.
Hadhrat Mulla Ali Qari has written "Raziallahu Anhu" for Imam Abu Hanifa (May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with him) many times, like in Sharh Musnad Abi Hanifa, Pg. No: 7, 41, 141.
Imam Badruddin 'Aini (May Allah Ta’ala shower His mercy on him) has used "Raziallahu Anhu" for Imam Abu Hanifa many times in his famous commentary on Sahih Bukhari, 'Umdatul Qari.
The students of Imam Marghinani (May Allah Ta’ala shower His mercy on him), the author of Al Hidayah have used "Raziallahu Anhu" for him.
All this shows using "Raziallahu Anhu" for the Auliya and other elders also, apart from Sahabah, has been the custom of the elders of the Ummah.
Using "Raziallahu Anhu" for famous saints and pious personalities, about whom there is no doubt that they are not Sahabah, is without any doubt correct and permissible. However, if the names of the Auliya are similar to the names of the Sahabah and there would be doubt that they are Sahabah, then using Rahmatullah Alaih, etc. is better.
And Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) knows best.
Mufti Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri,
[Associate Professor of Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,
Founder/Director, Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]